我们所知道的世界可能永远不会是一样的。全球经济放缓,人们居住,孤立生活,来自隐形杀手的死亡人数呈指数增长。冠状病毒大流行造成了丧亲丧失,疾病和失业的恶劣现实。许多人已经面临财务困难和未来的工作前景的不确定性。

Early data suggest that the immediate psychological impact of the pandemic是很大的。There are also more uplifting analyses, however, suggesting the experiencemay help us change our lifestyles为了更好。但是人类甚至能否改变可持续的行为?

我们知道,危机可能导致愤怒害怕。At a community level, these emotions can descend into acts of scapegoating,stigmatization和歧视。环境冲击和流行病也可能导致社会变得更加“自私”,选举专制领导人并表现出对外人的偏见

We also know that existing societal inequality,这是对心理健康的威胁,深化后tragic events。Any psychological distress tends to be放大在那些不幸的人。

To change our behavior for the better, we need to first overcome these challenges and boost well-being. Over the last three years, our group已经思考了至 ”well-being。“我们将此定义为对自己,社区和更广泛的环境的积极关系。

在基本水平上,积极的健康行为对于实现个体幸福来说很重要,例如健康,睡觉,锻炼和锻炼。强烈的感觉意思和目的克服主要生活事件和实现尤其重要“post-traumatic growth.”用我们的一位同事 - 克服多发性硬化的话 - 我们必须承诺“positivity, purpose, and practice” during personal crises. This involves moving beyond ourselves and serving something greater.

Positive social ties因此,社区是必不可少的。社会关系为个人身份和与他人的关联意识奠定了基础。这引起了向上螺旋关系的积极情绪。

最近的research学术工作also demonstrate that we have an innate need to be connected with nature and other forms of life to feel good. Individuals who regularly spend time in nature tend to behappier并且有更大的意义生活中的意思

Unfortunately, it is no longer possible to discuss the link between theenvironment而且幸福而不考虑是人为气候变化的主要威胁。这可以引起“solastalgia“悲伤,绝望和忧郁症的状态因负面的环境变化而导致。

The commonalities between the coronavirus pandemic and climate change是斯塔克。这两个挑战都代表了社会驱动的“环境”问题。然而,主要的区别是我们对一个的全球响应,但不是另一个。

气候变化的抽象性质,以及helplessness我们觉得与它有关,有助于我们的“坐在双手上,无所事事。”这种现象被称为“Giddens Paradox.”也许这里的银色衬里是冠状病毒可以,应该教导我们 - 承诺采取行动导致改变。

Change Is Possible

“危机”的中文词包括两个角色,一个是一个危险,另一个人有机会。在大流行期间,许多人被迫在家工作,大大减少了旅行的时间,以及空气污染。This may continue, if we see the value in it.

Althoughnot without its challenges, trials of flexible working patterns, such asthe four-day working week, also demonstrate an array of benefits toindividual well-being

Coronavirus乞求问题:当最终目标可以以不同的方式实现最终目标时,为什么我们希望完全返回工作狂状态 - Quo,支持福祉,productivity,和environmental sustainability? Any small positive change helps us to feel further empowered. The pandemic has, after all, taught us that we can get by without shopping excessively and going on long-haul flights for holidays.

There is evidence that we can make behavioral changes following a crisis. We know that some preventive measures, such as respiratory and hand hygiene,can become habitualfollowing a viral pandemic. Research has also shown that residents in New Jersey, US,变得更有可能支持环境政策following two devastating hurricanes. Experiences of flooding in the UK have similarly been shown to lead to a愿意节约能源。与此同时,澳大利亚的丛林大火促进了绿色活动

Maintaining Change

也就是说,研究表明,积极的变化通常随着时间的推移而变得越来越多。最终,我们prioritize the restoration of societal functionsrather than pro-environmental actions. Maintaining any change in behavior is difficult anddepends on many factors包括动机,习惯,资源,自我效力和社会影响。

积极的心理经历,emotions和一个newfound sense of purpose may hold the key to driving non-conscious motives towards环境可持续行为。新兴的证据也表明了environmental education基于自然的活动可以促进pro-sociality和community connectedness.

幸运的是,简单的干预措施如步行“mindful learning,”paying attention to the present, have been shown to promote openness towards ideas relating to the overlap between humans and nature. These things can help maintain behavioral changes.

Understanding that our psychological, social, economic, and natural worlds are part of an interconnected system also facilitates anecological ethictowards protecting and preserving the natural world.

To achieve that, interventions grounded in fostering positivity, kindness, and gratitude could be effective. We know that these things lead tosustainable positive transitions。Meditation focusing onlove and kindness还可以实现积极的情绪和个人意识community connectedness

另一种可以减轻压力和促进的干预心理健康是保留期刊。在完成本质上时,这甚至可以提高亲生态行为。

The Government’s Responsibility

一些问题对于个人来说是不可能单独修复的,但是 - 因此 - 因此 - Gdddens Paradox。如果不被政策或监管加强,个人的积极变化可能是暂时的或微不足道的。组织,行业和政府对促进积极变革有很大的责任。

第一步是通过在大流行后克服不平等,仇外心理和误导性的威胁来实现所有公民的福祉。如果我们未能这样做,我们最终会忽视积极变化的机会,并且冒着物种的生存危险。我们今天决定做什么,当前危机至关重要。谈话

本文已重新发布谈话under a Creative Commons license. Read theoriginal article

图像信用:鲁迪和彼得希特Pixabay.

Dr Zoe Fisher is an Associate Professor at Health and Wellbeing Academy at Swansea University and a Consultant Clinical Psychologist and lead for Community Neuro-rehabilitation Services in Swansea Bay Health Board. Her research focuses on developing theoretical frameworks and interventions that bridge the gap between research and clinical practice in order to facilitate more effective and sus...

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My interests span health, well-being and positive psychotherapy in the context of chronic condition care. Applying the GENIAL model of health and well-being, my research involves considering the individual, community and environmental domains of well-being relevant to stroke and brain injury survivors. My colleagues and I aspire to use our academic and clinical experience to facilitate the tr...
I am an interdisciplinary academic, with research interests that span health psychology and affective neuroscience through to epidemiology, bridging the gap between biological mechanism and public health. Between 2013 and 2015, I was a Visiting Professor at the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil, working on the largest study on the health and wellbeing of the Brazilian population. From 2005 un...

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